What Goes Into a Cigarette?

What Goes Into a Cigarette?

Have you ever wondered what’s in the cigarettes you smoke?

Well, here is part of your answer. There are 599 substances in a cigarette before you light it up. The other substances are the ones that form when you smoke it. An unlit cigarrete is hamles, the damage occuts wh; about 4.000 toxic gases of which about 59 or so have been found to cause cancer.

Definition of FEMA GRAS: FEMA stands for Flavor and Extracts Manufacturers Association and GRAS is defined as Generally Regarded As Safe. A FEMA GRAS designation means that the substance receiving this classification has been tested using certain standards, and has been deemed safe for use by people.

1. ACETANISOLE – FEMA GRASS – found in beef, cranberry, guava, grape, mango, peppermint; used in frozen dairy products, hard candies.
2. ACETIC ACID GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in banana, beer, beef, apple juice, apricot, blue cheese, blueberries; used in condiment relishes.
3. ACETOIN GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in apples, butter, yogurt, asparagus, black currants, blackberry, wheat, broccoli, brussel sprouts, cantaloupe; used in baked goods.
4. ACETOPHENONE; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, cheese, apricot, banana, beef, cauliflower; used in chewing gum.
5. 6-ACETOXYDIHYDROTHEASPIRANE – FEMA GRAS – used in baked goods, instant coffee/tea, snacks, soups, seasonings, meat products.
6. 2-ACETYL-3-ETHYLPYRAZINE – FEMA GRAS – found in pork; used in soups.
7. 2-ACETYL-5-METHYLFURAN – FEMA GRAS – found in coffee, roasted filbert, tomato juice; used in soups, nut products, snack foods, gravies.
8. ACETYLPYRAZINE – FEMA GRAS – found in beef, coffee, popcorn, sesame seed, almond, wheat bread, cocoa, peanut, pork, potato chips; used in frozen dairy products.
9. 2-ACETYLPYRIDINE – FEMA GRAS – found in cocoa, coffee, roasted peanut, potato chips, tea, beer, wheat bread, hazelnut, lamb/mutton, potato; used in breakfast cereals, ice cream, candy.
10. 3-ACETYLPYRIDINE – FEMA GRAS – found in roasted filbert, cocoa; used in non-alcoholic beverages, ice cream, candy, gelatin and puddings, baked goods.
11. 2-ACETYLTHIAZOLE – FEMA GRAS – found in bean, potatoes, artichoke, asparagus, beef, beer, brazil nuts, rice, boiled shrimp; used in snack foods.
12. ACONITIC ACID GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in beet root, sugarcane; used in alcoholic beverages, baked goods, chewing gum.
13. dl-ALANINE – natural constituent of protein in plants and animals; found in apple, beef, carob, pea, soybean, wine, zucchini.
14. ALFALFA EXTRACT GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in alfalfa; used in baked goods.
15. ALLSPICE EXTRACT, OLEORESIN, AND OIL GRAS FEMA GRAS – used in soups, candies, chewing gum, meats.
16. ALLYL HEXANOATE – FEMA GRAS – found in baked potato; used in gelatin and puddings.
17. ALLYL IONONE; FEMA GRAS – used in ice cream, baked goods, candy, gelatin and puddings, jellies.
18. ALMOND BITTER OIL GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in almond, apricot, peach kernel; used in baked goods, candy, gelatin and puddings, chewing gum.
19. AMBERGRIS TINCTURE GRAS FEMA GRAS – used in non-alcoholic beverages, ice cream, candy.
20. AMMONIA – Occurs in human/animal breath due to protein metabolism; dissolved in water it is a naturally occurring substance that plays a vital role in protein metabolism in animals, including man.
21. AMMONIUM BICARBONATE GRAS – used in baked goods.
22. AMMONIUM HYDROXIDE GRAS – found in cured pork.
23. AMMONIUM PHOSPHATE DIBASIC GRAS – used in dough, ice cream, gelatin and puddings.
24. AMMONIUM SULFIDE – FEMA GRAS – used in baked goods, meat products, gravies, condiments.
25. AMYL ALCOHOL; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, banana, cheese, chicken, coffee, potato, raspberry, strawberry, tomato; used in baked goods, candy, gelatin and puddings, chewing gum.
26. AMYL BUTYRATE; FEMA GRAS – found in bananas, beer, apple juice, apricots, strawberries, wine; used in syrup, candy, chewing gum.
27. AMYL FORMATE; FEMA GRAS – found in apples, strawberry, brandy, honey, tomatoes, whiskey; used in non-alcoholic beverages, candy, chewing gum.
28. AMYL OCTANOATE; FEMA GRAS – found in strawberry, apple, cognac; used in baked goods, candy, gelatin and puddings.
29. alpha-AMYLCINNAMALDEHYDE; FEMA GRAS – found in black tea, olibanum; used in candy, baked goods, chewing gum.
30. AMYRIS OIL – found in brandies, liqueurs, amryis balsamifera; used in brandies, liqueurs, oriental specialties.
31. trans-ANETHOLE GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in cheese, tea, apple, licorice; used in alcoholic beverages.
32. ANGELICA ROOT EXTRACT, OIL AND SEED OIL GRAS FEMA GRAS – used in non-alcoholic beverages, alcoholic beverages, baked goods, chewing gum.
33. ANISE, ANISE STAR, EXTRACT AND OILS GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in star anise; used in ice cream, ices, baked goods, candy, chewing gum, meats, condiments.
34. ANISYL ACETATE; FEMA GRAS – found in currant; used in baked goods, candy, gelatin and puddings, chewing gum.
35. ANISYL ALCOHOL; FEMA GRAS – found in honey, tomato; used in gelatin and puddings.
36. ANISYL FORMATE; FEMA GRAS – found in vanilla; used in candy, baked goods.
37. ANISYL PHENYLACETATE; FEMA GRAS – found in honey; used in baked goods.
38. APPLE JUICE CONCENTRATE, EXTRACT, AND SKINS – common food item found in apple; used in juices, baked goods.
39. APRICOT EXTRACT AND JUICE CONCENTRATE – Common food item found in apricot; used in condiments.
40. l-ARGININE – natural constituent of proteins in plants and animals.
41. ASAFETIDA FLUID EXTRACT AND OIL GRAS FEMA GRAS – used in condiments, candy, soups, meats.
42. ASCORBIC ACID GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in citrus fruit, tea leaves; used in baked goods, sweet sauce, soups, candy, gelatin and puddings, dairy products.
43. l-ASPARAGINE MONOHYDRATE – found in proteins, licorice.
44. l-ASPARTIC ACID; FEMA GRAS – found in proteins, licorice; used in seasonings.
45. BALSAM PERU AND OIL GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in Peru balsam; used in baked goods, syrups, candy, chewing gum.
46. BASIL OIL GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in basil used in baked goods, condiments, meats.
47. BAY LEAF, OIL AND SWEET OIL GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in bay leaves; used in condiments, meat.
48. BEESWAX WHITE GRAS FEMA GRAS – used in baked goods, candy, honey.
49. BEET JUICE CONCENTRATE – Beets are included among “Miscellaneous Vegetables” in FDA Standards of Identity and are also covered by a USDA Standards for Grades.
50. BENZALDEHYDE GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in apple juice, almond, apricot, artichoke, asparagus, beans, beef, beer; used in baked goods, chewing gum.
51. BENZALDEHYDE GLYCERYL ACETAL; FEMA GRAS – used in baked goods, candy, gelatin and puddings, chewing gum.
52. BENZOIC ACID GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in cinnamon, strawberry, tea, apple, beer, bread, cocoa, honey; used in baked goods, cheese, candy, chewing gum, condiment relish.
53. BENZOIN; FEMA GRAS – used in non-alcoholic beverages, alcoholic beverages, baked goods, candy, chewing gum.
54. BENZOIN RESIN; FEMA GRAS – used in baked goods, gelatin and puddings, chewing gum.
55. BENZOPHENONE; FEMA GRAS – found in grape, apples, papaya; used in frozen dairy products.
56. BENZYL ALCOHOL; FEMA GRAS – found in apricot, beef, beer, almonds, apple, apple juice, asparagus, bananas, black currants, blackberries; used in chewing gum, candy, baked goods.
57. BENZYL BENZOATE; FEMA GRAS – found in celery, parsley, black currants, butter, guava, pineapple, papaya; used in ice cream, baked goods, candy.
58. BENZYL BUTYRATE; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, apple juice, apricot, banana, parmesan cheese, grape, honey, mango, melon, muskmelon, orange juice, papaya; used in candy.
59. BENZYL CINNAMATE; FEMA GRAS – used in non-alcoholic beverages, baked goods, candy.
60. BENZYL PROPIONATE; FEMA GRAS – found in strawberry; used in candy.
61. BENZYL SALICYLATE; FEMA GRAS – found in cranberry, apple flowers; used in baked goods.
62. BERGAMOT OIL GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in oranges; used in icings, gelatin, alcoholic beverages.
63. BISABOLENE – FEMA GRAS – found in carrot, ginger, hops, guava, mango, ginger; used in baked goods, candy.
64. BLACK CURRANT BUDS ABSOLUTE – FEMA GRAS – used in non-alcoholic beverages, baked goods, candy, gelatin and puddings.
65. BORNEOL; FEMA GRAS – found in carrot, blackberries, brandy, grapes, cocoa; used in baked goods.
66. BORNYL ACETATE; FEMA GRAS – found in carrot, black currants, gin, ginger, kiwi fruit, pistacia, plum, sweet potato, soy sauce, black and green tea; used in gelatin and puddings, candy, ice cream.
67. BUCHU LEAF OIL; FEMA GRAS – used in ice cream, ices, candy, condiments.
68. 1,3-BUTANEDIOL – used as solvent for natural and synthetic flavors.
69. 2,3-BUTANEDIONE GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in apple, bean, beef, butter, artichoke, avocado, black currents, blueberry, blue cheese, grape brandy, wheat, brussels sprouts; used in meat products.
70. 1-BUTANOL; FEMA GRAS – found in apple juice, banana, beef, celery, cheese (cheddar and Swiss), peach, potato; used in non-alcoholic beverages, alcoholic beverages, ice cream, ices, candy, cream, baked goods.
71. 2-BUTANONE; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, apricot, banana, cauliflower, celery, chicken, coffee, milk, onion, tomato; used in non-alcoholic beverages, ice cream ices, candy, baked goods.
72. 4(2-BUTENYLIDENE)-3,5,5-TRIMETHYL-2-CYCLOHEXEN-1-ONE – found in white-flesh nectarine, starfruit, grapefruit juice.
73. BUTTER, BUTTER ESTERS, AND BUTTER OIL; FEMA GRAS – found in butter; used in frozen dairy products.
74. BUTYL ACETATE; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, banana, beer, black currant, cashew nuts, cheese, raspberry, apricot, blackberry, brandy, cantaloupe; used in cheeses, baked goods, candy.
75. BUTYL BUTYRATE; FEMA GRAS – found in banana, apricot, blackberry, brandy, parmesan cheese, honey, mango, melon, muskmelon, orange juice, papaya; used in candy.
76. BUTYL BUTYRYL LACTATE; FEMA GRAS – used in non-alcoholic beverages, baked goods, candy, sweet sauces.
77. BUTYL ISOVALERATE; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, apricot, banana, parmesan cheese, olives, pear, plum, strawberry, wine; used in baked goods.
78. BUTYL PHENYLACETATE; FEMA GRAS – found in papaya, alfalfa; used in baked goods, ice cream, candy.
79. BUTYL UNDECYLENATE; FEMA GRAS – no limitation for use in food other than good manufacturing practices.
80. 3-BUTYLIDENEPHTHALIDE – FEMA GRAS – found in celery, celery stalk; used in soups, condiments, meats.
81. BUTYRIC ACID GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in apple, beef, beer, black currants, blueberries, wheat bread, butter, blue cheese; used in snack foods, candy, margarine.
82. CADINENE – found in grapefruit, orange juice, peach, pepper, peppermint, tea; used in baked goods, candy, gelatin and puddings, meat products.
83. CAFFEINE GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in coffee, tea, mate, kola nut; used in non-alcoholic beverages, ice cream, ices, baked goods, candy, gelatin and puddings.
84. CALCIUM CARBONATE GRAS – no limitation for use in food other than good manufacturing practices. Used as a dietary supplement; also used in baked goods, chewing gum, beverages.
85. CAMPHENE; FEMA GRAS – found in carrot, cheddar cheese, ginger, apricot, black currants, blackberry, celery, gin, kiwi fruit; used in candy, baked goods, ice cream.
86. CANANGA OIL GRAS FEMA GRAS – used in non-alcoholic beverages, candy, baked goods.
87. CAPSICUM OLEORESIN – found in pepper; used in non-alcoholic beverages, baked goods, condiments, candy, chewing gum, meats.
88. CARAMEL COLOR GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in sugars; used in gravies, meats, condiments.
89. CARAWAY OIL GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in caraway seeds; used in baked goods, condiments.
90. CARBON DIOXIDE GRAS – used in beverages, meat products, processed fruits, dairy products.
91. CARDAMOM OLEORESIN, EXTRACT, SEED OIL, AND POWDER GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in cardamom; used in baked goods, pickles, meats.
92. CAROB BEAN AND EXTRACT GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in carob beans; used in baked goods, candy, gelatin and puddings, icings and toppings.
93. beta-CAROTENE GRAS – found in carrot, pumpkin, spinach, broccoli, used in processed fruit and fruit juices, dairy products.
94. CARROT OIL GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in carrots; used in baked goods.
95. CARVACROL; FEMA GRAS – found in pepper, spearmint, tea; used in baked goods, condiments, candy, gelatin and puddings, chewing gum.
96. 4-CARVOMENTHENOL; FEMA GRAS – found in carrot, celery seed, cocoa powder, grape, grapefruit, orange, tea, wine; used in non-alcoholic beverages, candy, baked goods, gelatin and puddings, chewing gum.
97. l-CARVONE GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in grapefruit juice, honey, hops oil, orange juice, beer, cherries, endive, guava, hazelnuts; used in candy, condiments, baked goods.
98. beta-CARYOPHYLLENE; FEMA GRAS – found in carrot, artichoke, banana, cashews, apples, celery, chervil, chicken, cocoa; used in chewing gum, ice cream, beverages.
99. beta-CARYOPHYLLENE OXIDE – found in rosemary; used in beverages, ice cream, candy, condiments.
100. CASCARILLA OIL AND BARK EXTRACT GRAS FEMA GRAS – used in baked goods, candy, condiments.
101. CASSIA BARK OIL GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in cassia; used in meat products.
102. CASSIE ABSOLUTE AND OIL; FEMA GRAS – found in cassia; used in candy, baked goods, ice cream.
103. CASTOREUM EXTRACT, TINCTURE AND ABSOLUTE GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in castor; used in baked goods, condiments, candy, chewing gum.
104. CEDAR LEAF OIL; FEMA GRAS – found in Cedar tree; used in alcoholic beverages, meats, candy.
105. CEDARWOOD OIL TERPENES AND VIRGINIANA – found in cedar wood, clary sage oil.
106. CEDROL – found in Cypress wood, cedar wood; used in alcoholic beverages, meat products.
107. CELERY SEED EXTRACT, SOLID, OIL, AND OLEORESIN GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in celery seeds, celery; used in baked goods, meats, soups, condiments, pickles.
108. CELLULOSE FIBER – Natural polysaccharide which is the most abundant carbohydrate in nature; found in all plant material; used in grated cheese, fruit preserves/jams, fruit jellies.
109. CHAMOMILE FLOWER OIL AND EXTRACT GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in chamomile flowers; used in non-alcoholic beverages, ice cream, baked goods, gelatins and puddings.
110. CHICORY EXTRACT GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in chicory; used in baked goods, non-alcoholic beverages, ice cream.
111. CHOCOLATE GRAS – common food item.
112. CINNAMALDEHYDE GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in beer, brandy, blueberries, cantaloupe, capers, cranberries, gin, guava, melon; used in gravies, candy, ice cream, meat.
113. CINNAMIC ACID; FEMA GRAS – found in beer, blackberry, capers, cherry, grape, guava, malt, mango, mushroom, passion fruit, strawberry; used in soft candy.
114. CINNAMON LEAF OIL, BARK OIL, AND EXTRACT GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in cinnamon tree; used in baked goods, chewing gum, candy, meats, condiments, pickles.
115. CINNAMYL ACETATE; FEMA GRAS – found in guava; used in candy, ice cream, condiments.
116. CINNAMYL ALCOHOL; FEMA GRAS – found in blackberry, blueberry, cantaloupe, cranberry, guava, melon, raspberry, strawberry, watermelon; used in non-alcoholic beverages.
117. CINNAMYL CINNAMATE, FEMA GRAS – found in storax; used in baked goods, ice cream, candy.
118. CINNAMYL ISOVALERATE; FEMA GRAS – found in chestnut flowers; used in candy, gelatin and puddings, chewing gum.
119. CINNAMYL PROPIONATE; FEMA GRAS – used in hard candy.
120. CITRAL GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in grapefruit juice, orange, orange juice, celery, apricot, black currants, grape, hops, kiwi fruit, mango, mango ginger, melon, plum, raspberry, rum; used in baked goods, candy, ice cream.
121. CITRIC ACID GRAS FEMA GRAS – widely found in fruits and vegetables; used in fruit juices, meats, poultry, beverages.
122. CITRONELLA OIL GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in citronella; used in alcoholic beverages, ice cream, baked goods.
123. dl-CITRONELLOL; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, apricot, beer, black currants, blackberry, blueberry, orange juice, passion fruit, peach; used in soft candy.
124. CITRONELLYL BUTYRATE – FEMA GRAS – found in passion fruit, tomato; used in baked goods, candy, gelatins, puddings, non-alcoholic beverages.
125. CITRONELLYL ISOBUTYRATE; FEMA GRAS – used in candy, gelatins and puddings, non-alcoholic beverages, baked goods.
126. CIVET ABSOLUTE GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in civet; used in ice cream, candy, baked goods, chewing gum.
127. CLARY OIL GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in clary sage; used in alcoholic beverages, baked goods, condiments.
128. CLOVER TOPS, RED SOLID EXTRACT GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in clover flowers; used in jam and jelly.
129. COCOA, COCOA SHELLS, EXTRACT, DISTILLATE AND POWDER GRAS – found in cocoa, cocoa shells; used in baked goods.
130. COCONUT OIL – found in coconut; used in shortening and candies, chocolate.
131. COFFEE GRAS – found in coffee; used in baked goods, candy, syrups.
132. COGNAC WHITE AND GREEN OIL GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in cognac brandy; used in alcoholic beverages, ice cream, baked goods.
133. COPAIBA OIL – found in copaiba.
134. CORIANDER EXTRACT AND OIL GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in coriandar; used in baked goods, meats, condiments.
135. CORN OIL – found in corn; used in baked goods, maragarine, salad oils.
136. CORN SILK GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in corn; used in baked goods, beverages, candy, desserts.
137. COSTUS ROOT OIL; FEMA GRAS – found in Costus root; used in candy, baked goods.
138. CUBEB OIL; FEMA GRAS – found in Piper cubebs; used in condiment relish.
139. CUMINALDEHYDE FEMA GRAS – found in beef, black currants, honey, mango, bonito, grape brandy, pistacia fruit; used in baked goods, chewing gum, frozen dairy products.
140. para-CYMENE; FEMA GRAS – found in apricot, banana, beans, beli, black currants, brandy apple, carrots, celery; used in chewing gum.
141. l-CYSTEINE GRAS FEMA GRAS – natural constituent of protein in plants and animals; found in Pippali fruit (India); used in condiment relish; beverages, meats, baked goods, dairy products.
142. DANDELION ROOT SOLID EXTRACT GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in dandelions; used in baked goods.
143. DAVANA OIL; FEMA GRAS – found in Artemisia plant; used in alcoholic beverages.
144. 2-trans,4-trans-DECADIENAL; FEMA GRAS – found in chicken, cranberry, peanut, tomato; used in vegetables, baked goods, meat, candy, chewing gum, cereals.
145. delta-DECALACTONE; FEMA GRAS – found in apricot, beef fat, butter, black currants, blackberry, blue cheese, cheddar cheese, chicken, coconut, cranberry, cream; used in baked goods, margarine, candy.
146. gamma-DECALACTONE; FEMA GRAS – found in apricot, beef, butter, beer, blue cheese, grape brandy, plum brandy, wheat bread, cantaloupe, cheese; used in baked goods, frozen dairy products.
147. DECANAL GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in almond, apple, apple flowers, apricot, artichoke, avocado, beef, wheat bread; used in baked goods, beverages, ice cream, candy.
148. DECANOIC ACID; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, apple flowers, banana, beef, beer, blackberries, blue cheese, brandies, wheat bread, butter, heated butter; used in imitation dairy goods.
149. 1-DECANOL; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, apple juice, apricot, asparagus, banana, beer, brandy apple, butter; used in frozen dairy goods, ice cream, beverages, candy.
150. 2-DECENAL; FEMA GRAS – found in carrot root, chicken, orange, soybean; used in non-alcoholic beverages, alcoholic beverages, baked goods, candy, gelatin and puddings, dairy products.
151. DEHYDROMENTHOFUROLACTONE – FEMA GRAS – used in chewing gum.
152. DIETHYL MALONATE; FEMA GRAS – found in whiskey, wine, blackberry, grape brandy, strawberry wine.
153. DIETHYL SEBACATE; FEMA GRAS – used in chewing gum, candy, baked goods.
154. 2,3-DIETHYLPYRAZINE – FEMA GRAS – found in wheat bread, wheat, hazelnut, baked potato, soy sauce; used in candy, gelatin and puddings.
155. DIHYDRO ANETHOLE – FEMA GRAS – used in non-alcoholic beverages, alcoholic beverages, ice cream, ices, candy, dairy products, baked goods.
156. 5,7-DIHYDRO-2-METHYLTHIENO(3,4-D) PYRIMIDINE – FEMA GRAS – used in breakfast cereals, beverages, ice cream, candy, dairy products.
157. DILL SEED OIL AND EXTRACT GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in dill; used in cheese, meats, sauces, dips, baked goods.
158. meta-DIMETHOXYBENZENE; FEMA GRAS – found in brandy grape, salami, filberts; used in meat products, beverages, ice cream, candy, baked goods.
159. para-DIMETHOXYBENZENE; FEMA GRAS – found in tea, hyacinth oil, peppermint oil; used in gelatin pudding, beverages, ice cream, candy, baked goods.
160. 2,6-DIMETHOXYPHENOL – FEMA GRAS – found in maple syrup, rum, smoked sausage, wine; used in seafood, meat, baked goods, candy, soups.
161. DIMETHYL SUCCINATE; FEMA GRAS – found in blackberry, hazelnut; used in hard candy, beverages, ice cream, candy, baked goods.
162. 3,4-DIMETHYL-1,2-CYCLOPENTANEDIONE – FEMA GRAS – found in roasted coffee; used in nut products, beverages, ice cream, candy.
163. 3,5-DIMETHYL-1,2-CYCLOPENTANEDIONE – FEMA GRAS – found in roasted coffee; used in soft candy.
164. 3,7-DIMETHYL-1,3,6-OCTATRIENE; FEMA GRAS – found in apricot, guava, pineapple, tomato; used in frozen dairy goods.
165. 4,5-DIMETHYL-3-HYDROXY-2,5-DIHYDROFURAN-2-ONE – FEMA GRAS – found in almond, asparagus, wheat bread, butter, chicken, steamed clam, cocoa, coconut, coffee, corn; used in baked goods, sweet sauce.
166. 6,10-DIMETHYL-5,9-UNDECADIEN-2-ONE; FEMA GRAS – found in almond, asparagus, beans, beef, beer, cashew nuts, parmesan cheese, chicken; used in baked goods, candy, dairy products.
167. 3,7-DIMETHYL-6-OCTENOIC ACID – FEMA GRAS – found in peppermint oil; used in baked goods.
168. 2,4-DIMETHYLACETOPHENONE; FEMA GRAS – found in coffee; used in baked goods.
169. alpha,para-DIMETHYLBENZYL ALCOHOL – FEMA GRAS – used in non-alcoholic beverages, ice cream, ices, candy.
170. alpha,alpha-DIMETHYLPHENETHYL ACETATE; FEMA GRAS – found in apricots, black currants, custard apple, grapefruit, pineapples, peppermint, nectarines; used in soft candy, baked goods, chewing gum.
171. alpha,alpha-DIMETHYLPHENETHYL BUTYRATE; FEMA GRAS – found in Sake; used in frozen dairy goods, beverages, candy, baked goods.
172. 2,3-DIMETHYLPYRAZINE – FEMA GRAS – found in asparagus, peanut, coffee, potato; used in gravies, beverages, candy, baked goods.
173. 2,5-DIMETHYLPYRAZINE – FEMA GRAS – found in beef, blackberry, grape brandy, cantaloupe, corn, endive, grapefruit juice; used in breakfast cereal.
174. 2,6-DIMETHYLPYRAZINE – FEMA GRAS – found in citronella, camphor oil; used in milk products, meat, candy.
175. DIMETHYL TETRA HYDROBENZO FURANONE – FEMA GRAS – found in dried bonito, black and green tea, wine; used in chewing gum.
176. delta-DODECALACTONE; FEMA GRAS – found in beef, butter, milk, blue cheese, cheddar cheese, chicken, coconut, lamb/mutton, peach, plum, pork; used in meat products, baked goods, candy.
177. gamma-DODECALACTONE; FEMA GRAS – found in apricot, beef, beer, blackberry, blue cheese, butter, carambola (starfruit), cheddar cheese, chervil, chicken; used in baked goods, beverages, ice cream, candy.
178. para-ETHOXYBENZALDEHYDE; FEMA GRAS – used in baked goods, beverages, ice cream, candy.
179. ETHYL 10-UNDECENOATE; FEMA GRAS – used in baked goods, beverages, ice cream, candy.
180. ETHYL 2-METHYLBUTYRATE; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, apple juice, beer, bilberry, blackberry, brandy apple, brandy grape, cantaloupe, fig, grape, honeydew melon; used in hard candy, beverages, ice cream.
181. ETHYL ACETATE GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in apple, apple juice, banana, beans, beef, beer, blue cheese, blueberry; used in chewing gum, beverages, ice cream, candy.
182. ETHYL ACETOACETATE; FEMA GRAS – found in passion fruit, sherry, strawberry, wine; used in soft candy.
183. ETHYL ALCOHOL GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in apple, banana, bread, coffee, cucumber, potato. As required by BATF regulations, nicotine sulfate is used to denature the alcohol, which is used as a solvent to apply flavors during processing. There is no measurable effect on the nicotine level of the finished cigarette as a result of this process.
184. ETHYL BENZOATE; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, apricot, arctic bramble, babaco fruit, banana, beer, beli, bilberry, bilberry wine, black currants, blackberry, brandy apple; used in gelatin pudding, beverages, ice cream, candy.
185. ETHYL BUTYRATE GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in apple, apple juice, banana, beer, apricot, beef, blue cheese, brandy; used in chewing gum.
186. ETHYL CINNAMATE; FEMA GRAS – found in beer, blackberry, brandy apple; used in baked goods, beverages, ice cream, candy.
187. ETHYL DECANOATE; FEMA GRAS – found in apple juice, banana, beef, wheat bread, butter, cheddar cheese; used in frozen dairy goods, ice cream, candy.
188. ETHYL FENCHOL – FEMA GRAS – used in baked goods, chewing gum, dairy products.
189. ETHYL FUROATE – found in cocoa, almonds, beer, guava, kiwi fruit, papaya, white wine; used in processed meats.
190. ETHYL HEPTANOATE; FEMA GRAS – found in cashew apple, cocoa, grape, grapefruit juice, hazelnut roasted, hops, milk, olive, papaya mountain, passion fruit, peach; used in chewing gum.
191. ETHYL HEXANOATE; FEMA GRAS – found in banana, beer, cheese, beef, black currants, blackberry, brandies, broccoli; used in baked goods, ice cream, candy.
192. ETHYL ISOVALERATE; FEMA GRAS – found in banana, celery, apple, beer, brandy, cantaloupes, cashew apple, parmesan cheese; used in condiments, ice cream, baked goods.
193. ETHYL LACTATE; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, beer, cocoa, pineapple, apricot, bilberry wine, brandy, butter, capers, chicken, meat, elderberry, elderberry juice, grape, peas, plum; used in chewing gum, ice cream, baked goods.
194. ETHYL LAURATE; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, beer, cheddar cheese, apricot, bilberry wine, blackberry, brandy, wheat bread, butter; used in baked goods, candy, ice cream.
195. ETHYL LEVULINATE; FEMA GRAS – found in bilberry wine, brandy grape, wheat bread, cherimoya, cocoa, onion roasted, rum, wine; used in frozen dairy foods, beverages, candy, baked goods.
196. ETHYL MALTOL; FEMA GRAS – found in apple juice; used in sweet sauce, soups, meat, candy.
197. ETHYL METHYL PHENYLGLYCIDATE GRAS FEMA GRAS – used in condiment relish, beverages, candy, ice cream.
198. ETHYL MYRISTATE; FEMA GRAS – found in cheddar cheese, grape wine, Bartlett pear; used in non-alcoholic beverages, alcoholic beverages, ice cream, ices, candy, baked goods.
199. ETHYL NONANOATE; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, apricot, banana, beef, beer, bilberry wine, brandy apple, wheat bread, cocoa, elderberry, grape, nectarine, olive, peach; used in baked goods, beverages, ice cream, candy.
200. ETHYL OCTADECANOATE – FEMA GRAS – found in grapes, beer, brandy, maple syrup; used in non-alcoholic beverages, ice cream, ices, candy, alcoholic beverages.
201. ETHYL OCTANOATE; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, banana, beer, blue cheese, apricot, bilberry wine, blackberry, brandy, wheat bread, broccoli, butter, capers; used in frozen dairy goods.
202. ETHYL OLEATE; FEMA GRAS – found in melons, grapes, brandy, maple syrup; used in non-alcoholic beverages, candy, baked goods, gelatins and puddings, condiments and relishes.
203. ETHYL PALMITATE – FEMA GRAS – found in cheddar cheese, maple syrup, grape wine; used in nut products.
204. ETHYL PHENYLACETATE; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, crisp bread, honey, beer, beli, bilberry wine, brandy, wheat bread, cantaloupe, chempedak fruit, cocoa, grape, grapefruit juice, guava, licorice, melon; used in gelatin and puddings, syrups, baked goods.
205. ETHYL PROPIONATE; FEMA GRAS – found in apples, apricot, banana, beer, bilberry, blackberry, brandy, cantaloupe, cheddar cheese, cocoa, fig, grape, guava; used in baked goods, meat products, ice cream.
206. ETHYL SALICYLATE; FEMA GRAS – found in strawberries, raspberries, wine, blackberry, brandy, mountain papaya, rum; used in baked goods, ice cream, chewing gum.
207. ETHYL trans-2-BUTENOATE; FEMA GRAS – found in apples, cocoa, plum brandy, cantaloupe, cashews, dalieb fruit, grape, guava, kiwi fruit, mango, papaya; used in candy, baked goods.
208. ETHYL VALERATE; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, banana, grape, apricot, bilberry wine, black currants, brandy, cashew apples, parmesan cheese, fig, guava, honey, kiwi fruit, melon, muskmelon; used in chewing gum, baked goods, beverages.
209. ETHYL VANILLIN GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in vanilla beans; used in alcoholic beverages, imitation vanilla extract, breakfast cereals.
210. 2-ETHYL(OR METHYL)-(3,5 AND 6)-METHOXYPYRAZINE – FEMA GRAS – found in coffee, potato sprouts; used in baked goods, candy, ice cream.
211. 2-ETHYL-1-HEXANOL – FEMA GRAS – used in Non-alcoholic beverages, ice cream, ices, candy, chewing gum.
212. 3-ETHYL-2-HYDROXY-2-CYCLOPENTEN-1-ONE – FEMA GRAS – found in coffee, maple syrup, peanuts, pork; used in baked goods, soups, cereals, condiments, milk and dairy products.
213. 2-ETHYL-3,(5 OR 6)-DIMETHYLPYRAZINE – FEMA GRAS – found in beef, coffee, bread; used in baked goods, cereals, candy, dairy products.
214. 5-ETHYL-3-HYDROXY-4-METHYL-2(5H)-FURANONE – FEMA GRAS – nature identical by FEMA; found in beef, beer, wheat bread, cashew nuts, chicken, cocoa, coconut, coffee, crayfish, eggs, hazelnut; used in chewing gum, meat products.
215. 2-ETHYL-3-METHYLPYRAZINE – FEMA GRAS – found in beef, whole egg, chicken, heated corn oil, krill, lamb/mutton, boiled shrimp, fermented soy sauce; used in candy, ice cream, beverages.
216. 4-ETHYLBENZALDEHYDE – FEMA GRAS – found in oranges, carrots, broccoli, tomatoes; used in Baked goods, meat products, candy, gelatins and puddings, confectionery/frosting, cereals, dairy products.
217. 4-ETHYLGUAIACOL; FEMA GRAS – found in coffee, cranberry, smoked pork, rum, smoked sausage, tea, wine; used in non-alcoholic beverages, ice cream, ices.
218. para-ETHYLPHENOL – FEMA GRAS – found in cocoa, coffee, peanut, tomato, wine; used in baked goods, candy, gelatin and puddings, meat products.
219. 3-ETHYLPYRIDINE – FEMA GRAS – found in Beef, chicken, coffee, corn oil, almond, barley, beer, wheat bread, cocoa, eggs; used in candy, ice cream, meat, baked goods.
220. EUCALYPTOL; FEMA GRAS – found in black currants, blueberries, brandy, cantaloupe, cheese, cocoa, grapes, thyme, babaco fruit, bilberry, corn; used in chewing gum, ice cream, baked goods.
221. FARNESOL; FEMA GRAS – found in oranges, lemon grass; used in non-alcoholic beverages, ice cream, candy, baked goods, gelatins and puddings.
222. D-FENCHONE; FEMA GRAS – found in anise, basil, fennel, peppermint, saffron, thyme; used in ice cream, candy, baked goods.
223. FENNEL SWEET OIL GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in fennel seeds; used in candy, alcoholic beverages, meats.
224. FENUGREEK, EXTRACT, RESIN, AND ABSOLUTE GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in fenugreek; used in non-alcoholic beverages, gelatin and puddings, syrups.
225. FIG JUICE CONCENTRATE – Common food item; found in figs.
226. FOOD STARCH MODIFIED – widespread; used in cured pork.
227. FURFURYL MERCAPTAN FEMA GRAS – found in coffee, beef, chicken, meat, popcorn; used in non-alcoholic beverages, ice cream, ices, candy, baked goods, gelatins and puddings, icings.
228. 4-(2-FURYL)-3-BUTEN-2-ONE – FEMA GRAS – found in coffee; used in non-alcoholic beverages, ice cream, ices, candy, baked goods, gelatins and puddings, alcoholic beverages.
229. GALBANUM OIL; FEMA GRAS – found in galbanum; used in meat products, baked goods, ice cream.
230. GENET ABSOLUTE; FEMA GRAS – found in genet flowers; used in candy, baked goods, chewing gum.
231. GENTIAN ROOT EXTRACT – FEMA GRAS – found in Gentian root; used in non-alcoholic beverages, ice cream, ices, candy, baked goods, alcoholic beverages.
232. GERANIOL GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in apples, apricot, beer, bilberry, black currants, blackberries; used in baked goods, candy, ice cream.
233. GERANIUM ROSE OIL GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in geranium leaves and stems; used in chewing gum, ice cream, baked goods.
234. GERANYL ACETATE GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in celery, cocoa, black currants, chervil, gin, ginger, grape, grapefruit juice, orange juice, passion fruit, pineapple, plum; used in baked goods, ice cream, syrups.
235. GERANYL BUTYRATE; FEMA GRAS – found in celery, tomatoes, passion fruit; used in gelatins and puddings, ice cream, candy.
236. GERANYL FORMATE; FEMA GRAS – found in hops, black and green tea; used in baked goods, ice cream, candy.
237. GERANYL ISOVALERATE; FEMA GRAS – used in Non-alcoholic beverages, ice cream, ices, candy, baked goods, gelatins and puddings, chewing gum.
238. GERANYL PHENYLACETATE; FEMA GRAS – found in Olibanum resin, sativa japonica; used in gelatins and puddings, baked goods, ice cream.
239. GINGER OIL AND OLEORESIN GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in ginger; used in candy, baked goods, meats.
240. l-GLUTAMIC ACID GRAS FEMA GRAS – natural constituent of proteins in plants and animals; used in baked goods, meat, soups, milk/dairy products, condiments, pickles, cereal.
241. l-GLUTAMINE; FEMA GRAS – natural constituent of proteins in plants and animals; used in baked goods, meat products, candy, nut products, seasonings and flavorings.
242. GLYCEROL GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in beer, cherry, wine; used in milk products, baked goods, meat products.
243. GLYCYRRHIZIN AMMONIATED GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in licorice; used in non-alcoholic beverages, candy, baked goods, chewing gum, ice cream, ices.
244. GRAPE JUICE CONCENTRATE – common food item; found in grapes.
245. GUAIAC WOOD OIL; FEMA GRAS – found in guaiac wood; used in meat products, ice cream, chewing gum.
246. GUAIACOL; FEMA GRAS – found in celery, cocoa, coffee, rum, soybean, tea, tomato, whiskey, wine; used in ice cream, ices, baked goods, meat, chewing gum, dairy products.
247. GUAR GUM – FEMA GRAS – found in the seed of the guar plant which is similar to the soybean plant; used in breakfast cereal, dairy products, gravies, processed vegetables, baked goods.
248. 2,4-HEPTADIENAL – FEMA GRAS – found in avocado, beef, black currants, bread, wheat, broccoli, butter, heated butter, cabbage, cauliflower; used in meat products, baked goods, soups, candy.
249. gamma-HEPTALACTONE; FEMA GRAS – found in mango, passion fruit, peach, black tea, asparagus, butter, hazelnut, lamb/mutton, leek, licorice, nectarine, papaya, pineapple; used in candy, baked goods, ice cream.
250. HEPTANOIC ACID; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, beer, banana, beef, dried blue cheese, brandy, bread, wheat butter, cheddar cheese; used in baked goods, margarine, ice cream.
251. 2-HEPTANONE; FEMA GRAS – found in apples, banana, beer, beef, apricot, asparagus, beans, blue cheese, wheat butter; used in gravies, ice cream, condiments, baked goods.
252. 3-HEPTEN-2-ONE – FEMA GRAS – found in capsicum peppers, hazelnut, hops, muruci; used in gelatin and puddings, ice cream, baked goods.
253. 2-HEPTEN-4-ONE – FEMA GRAS – found in roasted filbert; used in non-alcoholic beverages, ice cream, ices, baked goods, candy, gelatin and puddings, dairy products.
254. 4-HEPTENAL; FEMA GRAS – found in butterfat, soybean oil; used in Non-alcoholic beverages, baked goods, meat, candy, cereal, dairy products.
255. trans-2-HEPTENAL – FEMA GRAS – found in apple, chicken, cranberry, green pea, potato, tomato; used in Baked goods, meat, meat sauces, soups, candy.
256. HEPTYL ACETATE – FEMA GRAS – found in apples, grapes, bananas, pears, plums, whiskey; used in baked goods, gelatins and puddings, chewing gum.
257. omega-6-HEXADECENLACTONE; FEMA GRAS – found in Ambrette seed; used in baked goods, ice cream, candy.
258. gamma-HEXALACTONE; FEMA GRAS – found in apricot, beef, butter, apple, asparagus, beer, blackberry, brandy, wheat bread; used in candy, baked goods, ice cream.
259. HEXANAL; FEMA GRAS – found in apples, bananas, beef, bilberries, apricot, artichoke, asparagus, avocado, barley, beer, blackberry, blueberry, others; used in frozen dairy goods, baked goods, meat.
260. HEXANOIC ACID; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, beef, beer, apricot, banana, barley, blackberry, blue cheese, blueberry, bread, wheat; used in condiment relish, ice cream, candy.
261. 2-HEXEN-1-OL; FEMA GRAS – found in apples, apricots, bananas, beer, Swiss cheese, peaches, used in Non-alcoholic beverages, candy, baked goods, gelatins and puddings.
262. 3-HEXEN-1-OL; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, banana, bean, celery, grape, apricot, cantaloupe, pineapple, honeydew melon; used in chewing gum, ice cream, candy, baked goods.
263. cis-3-HEXEN-1-YL ACETATE – FEMA GRAS – found in apple juice, apricot, artichoke, asparagus, avocado, banana, beans, beef, beer, blackberry, blueberry, dried bonito, grape brandy, wheat bread; used in ices, candy, baked goods.
264. 2-HEXENAL; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, banana, raspberry, strawberry, beer, chicken, fat, grape, guava, hops, peach, pork, black and green tea; used in frozen dairy goods, baked goods, candy.
265. 3-HEXENOIC ACID – FEMA GRAS – found in banana, pork fat, raspberry, black tea; used in non-alcoholic beverages, ice cream, dairy products, candy, chewing gum.
266. trans-2-HEXENOIC ACID – FEMA GRAS – found in apples, bananas, beer, apple juice, artichoke, beans, beef, blackberry, blueberry; used in beverages, candy, baked goods, gelatins and puddings, frozen desserts.
267. cis-3-HEXENYL FORMATE – FEMA GRAS – found in tea, cognac; used in baked goods, chewing gum, preserves and spreads.
268. HEXYL 2-METHYLBUTYRATE; FEMA GRAS – found in apples, strawberries, apricot, apple brandy, grape, Asian pear, plum, native spearmint; used in gelatins and puddings, candy, ice cream.
269. HEXYL ACETATE; FEMA GRAS – found in apples, bananas, beer, apricot, beef, black currants, blackberry, blueberry, brandy, cantaloupe, capers, coffee; used in candy, baked goods, meat products.
270. HEXYL ALCOHOL; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, banana, beef, chicken, coffee, pineapple, potato; used in baked goods, gelatin and puddings, dairy products.
271. HEXYL PHENYLACETATE; FEMA GRAS – found in grape, tea, scotch spearmint, black and green tea; used in frozen dairy goods, candy, baked goods.
272. l-HISTIDINE – FEMA GRAS – found in milk, cheese, grains, meats, poultry, eggs, fish, vegetables, nuts, fruit; used in baked goods, meat products, milk products, confectionery and frosting.
273. HONEY – common food item.
274. HOPS OIL GRAS FEMA GRAS – used in gelatin pudding, chewing gum, baked goods.
275. HYDROLYZED MILK SOLIDS – USDA – approved meat flavor found in milk; used in meats, sauces and stuffing.
276. HYDROLYZED PLANT PROTEINS GRAS – found in plants; used in baked goods, milk and dairy products, meat products, baby formulas, soups, condiments and relishes.
277. 5-HYDROXY-2,4-DECADIENOIC ACID delta-LACTONE – FEMA GRAS – found in peaches, beef; used in chewing gum, cheese, condiments.
278. 4-HYDROXY-2,5-DIMETHYL-3(2H)-FURANONE – FEMA GRAS – found in beef, maple syrup, cassia oil; used in frozen dairy goods, baked goods, candy.
279. 2-HYDROXY-3,5,5-TRIMETHYL-2-CYCLOHEXEN-1-ONE – FEMA GRAS – found in rose oil, gardenia; used in frozen dairy goods, candy.
280. 4-HYDROXY-3-PENTENOIC ACID LACTONE – FEMA GRAS – found in bread, grapes, soy beans; used in ice cream, ices, candy, baked goods, gelatins and puddings, meat, meat sauces, soups, milk and dairy products, cereals.
281. 2-HYDROXY-4-METHYLBENZALDEHYDE – FEMA GRAS – found in blackberry, capers, cranberry, raspberry, sea buckthorn; used in baked goods.
282. 4-HYDROXYBUTANOIC ACID LACTONE – FEMA GRAS – found in apricots, bread, coffee, cocoa, mushroom, onion, wine; used in dairy products, breakfast cereals, meat products.
283. HYDROXYCITRONELLAL; FEMA GRAS – found in beef, mushroom, nectarine, peach; used in candy, ice cream, baked goods.
284. 6-HYDROXYDIHYDROTHEASPIRANE – FEMA GRAS – found in black tea; used in non-alcoholic beverages, ice cream, candy, gelatin and puddings.
285. 4-(para-HYDROXYPHENYL)-2-BUTANONE; FEMA GRAS – found in almond, beef, coffee, grape, guava, hazelnut, pineapple, popcorn, raspberry, soy sauce, strawberry; used in chewing gum, ice cream, baked goods.
286. HYSSOP OIL GRAS FEMA GRAS – used in alcoholic beverages, ice cream, candy, baked goods.
287. IMMORTELLE ABSOLUTE AND EXTRACT GRAS FEMA GRAS- used in baked goods, candy, gelatin and puddings, chewing gum, frozen dairy products.
288. alpha-IONONE; FEMA GRAS – found in raspberry, almond, banana, blackberry, grape brandy, raspberry brandy, capers, carrots, celery, cherry, grapefruit juice, kumazasa, mango ginger, peach, peas, plum; used in chewing gum., ice cream, baked goods
289. beta-IONONE; FEMA GRAS – found in carrot, almonds, apricot, beer, blackberry, brandy, broccoli, capers, cherry, endive; used in candy, baked goods, ice cream.
290. alpha-IRONE; FEMA GRAS – found in raspberry; used in baked goods, frozen dairy, soft candy, gelatin and puddings, alcoholic beverages.
291. ISOAMYL ACETATE; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, banana, beer, apricot, blackberry, blackberry brandy, wheat bread, butter; used in chewing gum, ice cream, baked goods.
292. ISOAMYL BENZOATE; FEMA GRAS – found in beer, cherries, cocoa, papaya; used in baked goods, candy, gelatin and puddings.
293. ISOAMYL BUTYRATE; FEMA GRAS – found in banana, blue cheese, grape, apple, apricot, beer, apple brandy, grape brandy, guava, honey, mango; used in non-alcoholic beverages, ice cream, baked goods, chewing gum.
294. ISOAMYL CINNAMATE; FEMA GRAS – found in wine, cinnamon, styrax; used in baked goods, candy, gelatin and puddings.
295. ISOAMYL FORMATE; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, beer, chicken, honey, eggs, rum, strawberries, tea, vinegar, grape brandy, whiskey, wine; used in baked goods, candy.
296. ISOAMYL HEXANOATE; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, apricot, banana, grapefruit juice, plums, strawberries, beer, grape brandy, plum brandy, rum, sherry; used in candy, chewing gum.
297. ISOAMYL ISOVALERATE; FEMA GRAS – found in banana, tomato, beer, sherry, spearmint, scotch; used in frozen dairy goods, candy.
298. ISOAMYL OCTANOATE; FEMA GRAS – found in banana, beer, grape, strawberry; used in baked goods, soft candy, gelatin and puddings, alcoholic beverages.
299. ISOAMYL PHENYLACETATE; FEMA GRAS – found in peppermint oil; used in baked goods, candy, chewing gum.
300. ISOBORNYL ACETATE; FEMA GRAS – found in Kiwi fruit; used in soft candy.
301. ISOBUTYL ACETATE; FEMA GRAS – found in apples, bananas, cantaloupe, cocoa, figs, honeydew melon, beer, grape, guava, mango, melon; used in chewing gum, gelatin and puddings.
302. ISOBUTYL ALCOHOL; FEMA GRAS – found in beef, blackberry, apple, apricot, banana, barley, brandy; used in gelatin and puddings, candy, baked goods.
303. ISOBUTYL CINNAMATE; FEMA GRAS – found in coffee, tomato, mullein leaves; used in candy, ice cream, baked goods.
304. ISOBUTYL PHENYLACETATE; FEMA GRAS – found in cocoa; used in baked goods, ice cream, candy.
305. ISOBUTYL SALICYLATE; FEMA GRAS – found in Feijoa fruit; used in soft candy, baked goods.
306. 2-ISOBUTYL-3-METHOXYPYRAZINE – FEMA GRAS – found in bean, coffee, pea, pepper, potato, spinach, grape; used in non-alcoholic beverages, ice crem,dairy products.
307. alpha-ISOBUTYLPHENETHYL ALCOHOL; FEMA GRAS – used in non-alcoholic beverages, alcoholic beverages, ice cream, ices, candy, gelatin and puddings, baked goods.
308. ISOBUTYRALDEHYDE; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, banana, barley, beans, beef, beer, blue cheese, brandy, bread, wheat, butter; used in gelatin and puddings, candy, frozen dairy products.
309. ISOBUTYRIC ACID; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, beef, beer, celery, banana, blue cheese, grape brandy, wheat bread, cashew apples, cheddar cheese; used in baked goods, candy, gelatin and puddings.
310. d,l-ISOLEUCINE – FEMA GRAS – natural constituent of protein in plants and animals; used in milk products, meat products, condiment relish, soups.
311. alpha-ISOMETHYLIONONE; FEMA GRAS – used in baked goods, soft candy, gelatin and puddings, chewing gum.
312. 2-ISOPROPYLPHENOL – FEMA GRAS – found in Japanese whiskey; used in meat, soups, condiments.
313. ISOVALERIC ACID; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, beer, banana, blue cheese, grape brandy, wheat bread, heated butter, capers, cashew apples, cheddar cheese; used in frozen dairy goods, candy, cheese.
314. JASMINE ABSOLUTE, CONCRETE and OIL GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in Jasmine flowers; used in baked goods, chewing gum, candy.
315. KOLA NUT EXTRACT GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in kola nut; used in gelatin pudding, ice cream, candy.
316. LABDANUM ABSOLUTE AND OLEORESIN; FEMA GRAS – used in baked goods, frozen dairy products, gelatin and puddings.
317. LACTIC ACID GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in apple juice, beef, beer, bread, cocoa, coffee, wheat bread, cherry, grape, guava, mango, milk, papaya, dry salami, sherry, tomato; used in cheese, candy, chewing gum, baked goods.
318. LAURIC ACID GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in apple, beer, blue cheese, banana, beef, blackberry, brandy, wheat bread, butter, heated butter, cantaloupe, cashew nuts; used in baked goods, candy, ice cream.
319. LAURIC ALDEHYDE; FEMA GRAS – found in apples, beef, beer, wheat bread, carrots, celery, cheddar cheese, blackberry, butter, cabbage, caviar, chicken; used in chewing gum, baked goods, candy.
320. LAVANDIN OIL GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in lavender plant; used in baked goods, candy, chewing gum.
321. LAVENDER OIL GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in lavender flowers; used in soft candy, baked goods, gelatin and puddings.
322. LEMON OIL AND EXTRACT GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in lemons; used in candy, breakfast cereals, frozen dairy products.
323. LEMONGRASS OIL GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in lemongrass; used in chewing gum, ice cream, baked goods.
324. l-LEUCINE; FEMA GRAS – found in proteins; essential amino acid; used in soups, baked goods, breakfast cereals.
325. LEVULINIC ACID; FEMA GRAS – found in wheat bread, papaya; used in reconstituted vegetables, ice cream, baked goods.
326. LICORICE ROOT, FLUID EXTRACT AND POWDER GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in glycyrrhizia; used in candy, baked goods, meat products.
327. LIME OIL GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in lime; used in frozen dairy goods, candy.
328. LINALOOL GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in banana, beer, blackberry, beans, blueberry, apple, apricot, arctice bramble, artichoke, grape brandy, plum brandy; used in meat products.
329. LINALOOL OXIDE; FEMA GRAS – found in oranges, apricot, coffee; used in ice cream, baked goods, candy.
330. LINALYL ACETATE GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in bergamot, clary sage, lemon oil, pepper, tomato, lavender; used in baked goods, dairy products, candy.
331. LINDEN FLOWERS GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in linden flowers; used in non-alcoholic beverages.
332. LOVAGE OIL AND EXTRACT; FEMA GRAS – found in levisticum; used in sweet sauce, alcoholic beverages, ice cream.
333. l-LYSINE – amino acid, natural constituent of plant and animal proteins; used in meat products, breakfast cereals.
334. MACE POWDER, EXTRACT AND OIL GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in mace; used in alcoholic beverages, candy, frozen dairy products.
335. MAGNESIUM CARBONATE GRAS – used in flour, baked goods, frozen dairy products.
336. MALIC ACID GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in celery, cocoa, orange juice, grape brandy, sour cherry, gin, grapefruit juice, honey, hops, kiwi fruit, mango, mushroom; used in frozen dairy goods, candy, baked goods.
337. MALT AND MALT EXTRACT GRAS – found in barley; used in beer, frozen dairy products, baked goods.
338. MALTODEXTRIN GRAS – used in baked goods, candy, frozen dairy.
339. MALTOL; FEMA GRAS – found in barley, cocoa, coffee, beef, wheat bread, butter, hazelnut, licorice, malt, milk, peanut; used in frozen dairy goods, jellies, baked goods.
340. MALTYL ISOBUTYRATE – FEMA GRAS – used in baked goods, soft candy, gelatin and puddings, jam and jelly.
341. MANDARIN OIL GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in tangerines, mandarin oranges; used in candy, frozen dairy products.
342. MAPLE SYRUP AND CONCENTRATE – common food item.
343. MATE LEAF, ABSOLUTE, AND OIL GRAS – found in mate leaves; used in flour, meat, poultry.
344. para-MENTHA-8-THIOL-3-ONE – FEMA GRAS – used in frozen dairy, soft candy, gelatin and puddings, baked goods.
345. MENTHOL; FEMA GRAS – found in peppermint plant, honey, mint, rum, cocoa, eggs, guava, raspberry, rice, spearmint; used in candy, mouthwash.
346. MENTHONE; FEMA GRAS – found in celery, clams, cocoa, peppermint, raspberries, rice, spearmint; used in baked goods, candy.
347. MENTHYL ACETATE – FEMA GRAS – found in peppermint oil, orange juice, raspberries; used in baked goods, frozen dairy, soft candy, gelatin and pudding.
348. dl-METHIONINE; FEMA GRAS – natural constituent of protein in plants and animals; used in breakfast cereals, meat products, condiment relish, soups.
349. METHOPRENE – EPA approved pesticide for use on tobacco; allowed by FDA to be used in raisins, prunes, peaches, oat cereals; also approved by EPA for eggs, milk, poultry.
350. 2-METHOXY-4-METHYLPHENOL; FEMA GRAS – found in cocoa, sausage, banana, beer, coffee; used in baked goods, meat products.
351. 2-METHOXY-4-VINYLPHENOL; FEMA GRAS – found in bean, coffee, sherry, whiskey, banana, beer, cocoa, cured ham, malt; used in meat products,ice cream, baked goods.
352. para-METHOXYBENZALDEHYDE; FEMA GRAS – found in coffee, tea, tomato, beer, krill; used in baked goods, candy, dairy products.
353. 1-(para-METHOXYPHENYL)-1-PENTEN-3-ONE; FEMA GRAS -found in jasmine, Ylang Ylang; used in soft candy, sweet sauce, baked goods.
354. 4-(para-METHOXYPHENYL)-2-BUTANONE; FEMA GRAS – found in apricot, beer, brandy, grapes, cantaloupe, cranberry, honey, melon, peppermint, plum, raspberry, salami; used in candy, baked goods.
355. 1-(para-METHOXYPHENYL)-2-PROPANONE; FEMA GRAS – found in chervil; used in baked goods, frozen dairy, soft candy, gelatin and puddings.
356. METHOXYPYRAZINE – FEMA GRAS – found in beef, cocoa; used in meat products, soups, gravies, baked goods.
357. METHYL 2-FUROATE – FEMA GRAS – found in almond, cocoa, coffee, peanut, wine; used in non-alcoholic beverages, ice cream, candy, baked goods.
358. METHYL 2-OCTYNOATE; FEMA GRAS – used in baked goods, frozen dairy products, gelatin and puddings.
359. METHYL 2-PYRROLYL KETONE – FEMA GRAS – found in apple juice, cocoa, coffee, onion, peanut; used in baked goods, candy, gelatin and puddings, meat products.
360. METHYL ANISATE; FEMA GRAS – used in non-alcoholic beverages, frozen dairy, baked goods, soft candy, gelatin and puddings.
361. METHYL ANTHRANILATE GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in cocoa, grape, tea, wine, coffee, strawberry; used in baked goods, candy, frozen dairy products.
362. METHYL BENZOATE; FEMA GRAS – found in banana, cherry, coffee, brandy, butter, cashew apple; used in chewing gum, ice cream, candy.
363. METHYL CINNAMATE; FEMA GRAS – found in guava, strawberry, cranberry, pineapple, plum; used in baked goods, candy, gelatin and puddings.
364. METHYL DIHYDROJASMONATE – FEMA GRAS – used in non-alcoholic beverages, ice cream, ices, baked goods, candy.
365. METHYL ESTER OF ROSIN, PARTIALLY HYDROGENATED – used in baked goods, candy.
366. METHYL ISOVALERATE; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, peach, pineapple, banana, blackberry, parmesan cheese, coffee, honey, nectarine, olives, peas, strawberries; used in candy, baked goods.
367. METHYL LINOLEATE (48%) METHYL LINOLENATE (52%) MIXTURE; FEMA GRAS – found in banana, grape, grapefruit juice, melon, strawberries; used in ice cream, baked goods, candy.
368. METHYL NAPHTHYL KETONE; FEMA GRAS – found in beef (heated); used in chewing gum.
369. METHYL NICOTINATE – FEMA GRAS – found in coffee, nuts, strawberry, beef, beer, guava, hazelnuts, peanut, plum; used in baked goods, candy, ice cream.
370. METHYL PHENYLACETATE; FEMA GRAS – found in coffee, cocoa; used in candy, syrups, baked goods.
371. METHYL SALICYLATE; FEMA GRAS – found in blackberry, broccoli, butter, cherry cake, coffee; used in candy, ice cream, syrups.
372. METHYL SULFIDE; FEMA GRAS – found in asparagus, bean, beef, beer, white bread, brussels sprouts, butter, cabbage, carrot, cauliflower, broccoli; used in meat products, candy, ice cream.
373. 3-METHYL-1-CYCLOPENTADECANONE – FEMA GRAS – found in grape brandy, lamb/muttonm potato; used in baked goods.
374. 4-METHYL-1-PHENYL-2-PENTANONE; FEMA GRAS – used in gelatin pudding.
375. 5-METHYL-2-PHENYL-2-HEXENAL – FEMA GRAS – found in romano cheese, potato chips; used in soft candy.
376. 5-METHYL-2-THIOPHENECARBOXALDEHYDE – FEMA GRAS – found in coffee, roasted peanut, popcorn, cooked beef; used in baked goods, meats, soups, candy, gelatin and puddings, chewing gum, dairy products, condiments.
377. 6-METHYL-3,5-HEPTADIEN-2-ONE; FEMA GRAS – found in almonds, asparagus, beef, beer, wheat bread, cashew nuts, chicken; used in snack foods.
378. 2-METHYL-3-(para-ISOPROPYLPHENYL) PROPIONALDEHYDE; FEMA GRAS – found in almond, beans, beef, beer, wheat bread, chicken, cocoa, coffee, guava, macadamia nut; usedin gelatin pudding.
379. 5-METHYL-3-HEXEN-2-ONE – FEMA GRAS – found in roasted filbert; used in baked goods, cereals, candy, gelatin and puddings, dairy products.
380. 1-METHYL-3-METHOXY-4-ISOPROPYLBENZENE – FEMA GRAS – found in tangerine peel, thyme; used in non-alcoholic beverages, baked goods, meat, candy, condiments.
381. 4-METHYL-3-PENTENE-2-ONE – FEMA GRAS – found in rye bread, coffee, tea, peanut; used in non-alcoholic beverages, baked goods, candy, gelatin and puddings, dairy products.
382. 2-METHYL-4-PHENYLBUTYRALDEHYDE – FEMA GRAS – used in non-alcoholic beverages, ice cream, candy, gelatin and puddings.
383. 6-METHYL-5-HEPTEN-2-ONE; FEMA GRAS – found in guava, mango, potato, rum; used in gravies, candy, baked goods.
384. 4-METHYL-5-THIAZOLEETHANOL – FEMA GRAS – found in cocoa, malt, peanuts roasted; used in meat products.
385. 4-METHYL-5-VINYLTHIAZOLE – FEMA GRAS – found in cocoa, nuts, passion fruit; used in Ice cream, baked goods, meat sauce, candy, chewing gum.
386. METHYL-alpha-IONONE; FEMA GRAS – used in baked goods.
387. METHYL-trans-2-BUTENOIC ACID – FEMA GRAS – found in celery oil, orange juice crystals, coffee, strawberry; used in baked goods, meat products, soups.
388. 4-METHYLACETOPHENONE; FEMA GRAS – found in hop oil, cocoa powder, black currant; used in chewing gum.
389. para-METHYLANISOLE; FEMA GRAS – found in cocoa, malt, peanut, pork, potato chips, sesame seeds; used in baked goods.
390. alpha-METHYLBENZYL ACETATE; FEMA GRAS – found in grape brandy, rice, tea, tomato, tomato paste; used in chewing gum.
391. alpha-METHYLBENZYL ALCOHOL – FEMA GRAS – found in mushroom, hops, grapes, endive, cranberry; used in baked goods.
392. 2-METHYLBUTYRALDEHYDE; FEMA GRAS – found in beef, apple, cheddar cheese, coffee, cranberry, eggs, fish, lettuce, olive, onion, peas, tomato; used in gelatin pudding.
393. 3-METHYLBUTYRALDEHYDE; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, banana, bread, tomato, rice, blackberry; used in baked goods.
394. 2-METHYLBUTYRIC ACID; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, apricot, avocado, beef, beer, blackberry, brandy, butter, cantaloupes, carrots; used in cheese, ice cream, candy.
395. alpha-METHYLCINNAMALDEHYDE; FEMA GRAS – found in blackberry, cauliflower, cherry, cocoa, endive, guava, honey, peach; used in candy.
396. METHYLCYCLOPENTENOLONE; FEMA GRAS – found in carambola (starfruit), cheese, tomato; used in breakfast cereals, baked goods, candy.
397. 2-METHYLHEPTANOIC ACID; FEMA GRAS – found in gardenia flower oil, almonds, cocoa, coffee, soy sauce, onions; used in baked goods, ice cream, candy.
398. 2-METHYLHEXANOIC ACID – FEMA GRAS – found in apple, avocado, banana, barley, beans, beef, beer, blackberry, blue cheese, wheat bread, butter; used in baked goods, candy, gelatin and puddings.
399. 3-METHYLPENTANOIC ACID – FEMA GRAS – found in apple, apricot, beer, blackberry, blueberry, wheat bread, romano cheese, chicken; used in baked goods.
400. 4-METHYLPENTANOIC ACID – FEMA GRAS – found in apple, grapes, cocoa, strawberry, tomato; used in condiment relish.
401. 2-METHYLPYRAZINE – FEMA GRAS – found in peppermint oil, tomato, popcorn; used in milk products, baked goods, candy.
402. 5-METHYLQUINOXALINE – FEMA GRAS – found in roasted almonds, coffee; used in frozen dairy, beverages, candy, gelatins.
403. 2-METHYLTETRAHYDROFURAN-3-ONE – FEMA GRAS – found in coffee; used in gravies.
404. (METHYLTHIO)METHYLPYRAZINE (MIXTURE OF ISOMERS); FEMA GRAS – used in baked goods, candy.
405. 3-METHYLTHIOPROPIONALDEHYDE – FEMA GRAS – found in bean, bread, cheese, cocoa bean, roasted nuts, milk, soy sauce, tomato; used in ice cream, ices, baked goods, diary products, fats/oils.
406. METHYL 3-METHYLTHIOPROPIONATE; FEMA GRAS – found in cantaloupe, pineapple; used in candy, baked goods, beverages, syrups.
407. 2-METHYLVALERIC ACID; FEMA GRAS – found in almond, barley, wheat bread, cocoa, coffee, hazelnut, licorice, malt, peanut, soy sauce, lamb/mutton; used in frozen dairy products, candy.
408. MIMOSA ABSOLUTE AND EXTRACT; FEMA GRAS – found in Mimosa flowers; used in frozen dairy products.
409. MOLASSES EXTRACT AND TINCTURE GRAS – found in refined sugars; common food item.
410. MOUNTAIN MAPLE SOLID EXTRACT; FEMA GRAS – found in mountain maple tree sap; used in baked goods.
411. MULLEIN FLOWER – natural flavor.
412. MYRISTALDEHYDE; FEMA GRAS – found in apricot, cucumber; used in frozen dairy products, beverages, baked goods, gelatin.
413. MYRISTIC ACID; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, banana, beef, beer, blackberry, brandy grape, butter, cantaloupe, cashew nuts, cheese (blue, cheddar); used in non-alcoholic beverages, candy, baked goods.
414. MYRRH OIL; FEMA GRAS – found in myrrh; used in alcoholic beverages.
415. beta-NAPTHYL ETHYL ETHER – FEMA GRAS – used in soft candy.
416. NEROL; FEMA GRAS – found in apricot, beer, blackberry, blueberry, brandy grape, cranberry, gin, grape, grapefruit juice, honey, hops, wine; used in frozen dairy products.
417. NEROLI BIGARDE OIL GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in oranges; used in baked goods, candy.
418. NEROLIDOL; FEMA GRAS – found in grapefruit, hops, lime, grapefruit oil; used in non-alcoholic beverages, ice cream, ices, candy, baked goods.
419. NONA-2-trans,6-cis-DIENAL – FEMA GRAS – found in apple, banana, beef, beer, blue cheese, cheddar cheese, brandy plum; used in frozen dairy goods.
420. 2,6-NONADIEN-1-OL;FEMA GRAS – found in cucumber, frozen pea, whole soybean, tomato; used in baked goods, candy, gelatin and puddings, gravies.
421. gamma-NONALACTONE; FEMA GRAS – found in beer, wheat bread, capers, cherry, chicken, clam; used in candy, baked goods, ice cream.
422. NONANAL; FEMA GRAS – found in apricot, asparagus, beef, blackberry, wheat bread, cantaloupe, cocoa; used in baked goods.
423. NONANOIC ACID; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, apricot, artichoke, avocado, banana, beef, beer, wheat bread; used in baked goods, candy, meat products.
424. 2-NONANONE; FEMA GRAS – found in strawberry; used in dairy products, condiments.
425. trans-2-NONEN-1-OL – FEMA GRAS – found in asparagus, brandy grape, cucumber, melon, nectarine, plum, prickly pear, wine; used in baked goods.
426. 2-NONENAL – FEMA GRAS – found in asparagus, carrot, cherry, cucumber, egg, endive, olives, peach, peas, tomato, watermelon; used in meat products.
427. NONYL ACETATE; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, beer, cantaloupe, grape, grapefruit juice, honeydew melon, milk, used in frozen dairy products.
428. NUTMEG POWDER AND OIL GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in nutmeg; used in condiments, baked goods.
429. OAK CHIPS EXTRACT AND OIL; FEMA GRAS – found in oak tree wood chips; used in baked goods.
430. OAK MOSS ABSOLUTE; FEMA GRAS – found in essential oil of lichen, oak moss; used in meat products, candy, ice cream.
431. 9,12-OCTADECADIENOIC ACID (48%) AND 9,12,15-OCTADECATRIENOIC ACID (52%); FDA GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in potato, tomato, apple, beer, cheese, country ham; used in preserves, spreads, candy, gelatin and puddings.
432. delta-OCTALACTONE – FEMA GRAS – found in apricot, beef, blackberry, butter, cheese (blue, cheddar, parmesan), cranberry, cream, coconut; used in candy, margarine, baked goods.
433. gamma-OCTALACTONE; FEMA GRAS – found in apricot, asparagus, beef, beer, blackberry, blue cheese, brandy grape, cantaloupe, cherry, chicken, cranberry; used in baked goods, candy, ice cream.
434. OCTANAL; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, apricot, artichoke, avocado, beef, beer, blackberry, brandy, wheat bread, butter; used in frozen dairy products, beverages, baked goods, candy.
435. OCTANOIC ACID GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in apple, banana, beef, blackberry, plum brandy, wheat butter, beer, blue cheese; used in snack foods, baked goods, candy.
436. 1-OCTANOL; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, apricot, blueberry, cantaloupe, celery, cherry, fish, grape, mushroom, pear, peas, strawberry; used in chewing gum, beverages, ice cream, baked goods, candy.
437. 2-OCTANONE; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, banana, beef, cheese, coffee, cocoa, milk, peanut, tea, wine; used in baked goods, candy, gelatin and puddings, dairy products.
438. 3-OCTEN-2-ONE – FEMA GRAS – found in roasted filbert, mushroom, dried pea, tea; used in non-alcoholic beverages, ice cream, baked goods, condiments, candy, dairy products.
439. 1-OCTEN-3-OL; FEMA GRAS – found in mushroom, peppermint, spearmint; used in processed vegetables.
440. 1-OCTEN-3-YL ACETATE; FEMA GRAS – found in asparagus, avocado, beef, wheat bread, cabbage, capers, caviar, butter; used in snack foods.
441. 2-OCTENAL – FEMA GRAS – found in asparagus, beer, banana, beans, blue cheese, butter, cantaloupe, capers, chicken; used in snack foods, baked goods, dairy products.
442. OCTYL ISOBUTYRATE; FEMA GRAS – found in hops, plum; used in baked goods, beverages, ice cream, candy.
443. OLEIC ACID; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, banana, grape, ginger, potato, strawberry, tomato; used in condiment relish, citrus fruit, yeast, sugar beets.
444. OLIBANUM OIL; FEMA GRAS – found in gum resin exudate; used in Non-alcoholic beverages, ice cream, ices, candy, baked goods.
445. OPOPONAX OIL AND GUM – found in opoponax, opoponas; natural flavor; used in alcoholic beverages.
446. ORANGE BLOSSOMS WATER, ABSOLUTE AND LEAF ABSOLUTE GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in oranges; used in non-alcoholic beverages, ice cream, ices, candy, baked goods.
447. ORANGE OIL AND EXTRACT GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in oranges; used in non-alcoholic beverages, ice cream, ices, baked goods, condiments, candy, gelatin and puddings, chewing gum.
448. ORIGANUM OIL GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in origanum flowers; used in soups.
449. ORRIS CONCRETE OIL AND ROOT EXTRACT; FEMA GRAS – found in orris roots; used in gelatin pudding, alcoholic beverages.
450. PALMAROSA OIL GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in geranium; used in baked goods.
451. PALMITIC ACID – FEMA GRASfound in apple, beer, celery, cheddar cheese, milk, potato, tomato; used in meat products, baked goods.
452. PARSLEY SEED OIL GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in parsley; used in soups.
453. PATCHOULI OIL; FEMA GRAS – found in dried leaves of Pogostemon cablin Benth.; used in non-alcoholic beverages, ice cream, ices, baked goods, candy, chewing gum.
454. omega-PENTADECALACTONE; FEMA GRAS – used in baked goods; ice cream, candy.
455. 2,3-PENTANEDIONE; FEMA GRAS – found in nuts, beef, beer, bread, chicken, cocoa, coffee, tomato, yogurt; used in baked goods, candy, gelatin and puddings.
456. 2-PENTANONE; FEMA GRAS – found in apple juice, banana, beef, cheese, chicken, grape, ham, honey, peanut; used in non-alcoholic beverages, ice cream, ices, candy, baked goods.
457. 4-PENTENOIC ACID; FEMA GRAS – used in soft candy, beverages, baked goods, margarine.
458. 2-PENTYLPYRIDINE – FEMA GRAS – found in cooked meat, peppers, hazel nut, roasted peanuts; used in candy, baked goods, ice cream.
459. PEPPER OIL, BLACK AND WHITE GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in pepper corns; used in condiments, ice cream, baked goods.
460. PEPPERMINT OIL GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in peppermint; used in chewing gum, meat products, ice cream, baked goods.
461. PERUVIAN (BOIS DE ROSE) OIL GRAS FEMA GRAS – used in baked goods, candy, chewing gum.
462. PETITGRAIN ABSOLUTE, MANDARIN OIL AND TERPENELESS OIL; FDA GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in bitter orange tree, leaves, and twigs, oranges; used in baked goods, condiments, candy.
463. alpha-PHELLANDRENE; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, gin, hops, mango, nectarine, papaya, paprika, parsley, beans, carrots; used in milk products, baked goods, candy.
464. 2-PHENETHYL ACETATE; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, banana, beer, brandy, raspberry, wheat bread, butter, cantaloupe; used in candy, ice cream, baked goods.
465. PHENETHYL ALCOHOL; FEMA GRAS – found in apple juice, banana, beef, beer, blackberry, blueberry, apple, apricot, asparagus; used in chewing gum, ice cream, baked goods.
466. PHENETHYL BUTYRATE; FEMA GRAS – found in beer, banana, apple brandy, grape, strawberry, wine; used in baked goods, candy, ice cream.
467. PHENETHYL CINNAMATE – FEMA GRAS – used in non-alcoholic beverages, alcoholic beverages, ice cream, ices, baked goods, candy, gelatin and puddings.
468. PHENETHYL ISOBUTYRATE; FEMA GRAS – found in beer, brandy, grape, olive, rum; used in chewing gum, baked goods, candy.
469. PHENETHYL ISOVALERATE; FEMA GRAS – found in peppermint, spearmint, banana, beer, brandy, grape; used in chewing gum, candy, frozen dairy products.
470. PHENETHYL PHENYLACETATE; FEMA GRAS – used in baked goods, candy, cheese.
471. PHENETHYL SALICYLATE; FEMA GRAS – used in non-alcoholic beverages, alcoholic beverages, frozen dairy, baked goods, soft candy, gelatin and puddings.
472. 1-PHENYL-1-PROPANOL; FEMA GRAS – found in beer, chicken broth, grape brandy, cocoa, guava, honey, lamb/mutton, mushroom; used in chewing gum, candy, baked goods.
473. 3-PHENYL-1-PROPANOL; FEMA GRAS – found in cinnamon, honey, tea; used in frozen dairy, baked goods, soft candy, gelatin and puddings, chewing gum.
474. 2-PHENYL-2-BUTENAL – FEMA GRAS – found in beer, chicken, tomato, almonds, asparagus, cocoa, tea, hazelnuts; used in gelatin and puddings, candy, ice cream.
475. 4-PHENYL-3-BUTEN-2-OL; FEMA GRAS – used in non-alcoholic beverages, frozen dairy, baked goods, soft candy, gelatin and puddings.
476. 4-PHENYL-3-BUTEN-2-ONE; FEMA GRAS – found in beer, grape brandy, grape, guava, licorice, mango, nushroom, papaya, raspberry, strawberry, whiskey, wine; used in baked goods, candy.
477. PHENYLACETALDEHYDE; FEMA GRAS – found in chicken, strawberry; used in baked goods, ice cream, candy.
478. PHENYLACETIC ACID; FEMA GRAS – found in almond, asparagus, cocoa, coffee, mushroom, peanut, pork, potato chips, sesame seed, tea; used in sweet sauce, baked goods, candy.
479. l-PHENYLALANINE; FEMA GRAS – found in meats, eggs, breads, cereals, milk, cheese, fish, corn, beans, potatoes, asparagus, peas; used in frozen dairy, baked goods, candy, condiments, meat products.
480. 3-PHENYLPROPIONALDEHYDE; FEMA GRAS – found in beer, chicken, tomato; used in baked goods, candy, condiments.
481. 3-PHENYLPROPIONIC ACID; FEMA GRAS – found in beef, beer, blue cheese, grape brandy, wheat bread, broccoli, apricot, artichoke, asparagus, banana, beans; used in baked goods, candy.
482. 3-PHENYLPROPYL ACETATE; FEMA GRAS – used in non-alcoholic beverages, ice cream, baked goods, candy, chewing gum, condiments.
483. 3-PHENYLPROPYL CINNAMATE; FEMA GRAS – found in American storax, Peru balsam; used in non-alcoholic beverages, frozen dairy, baked goods, candy, gelatin and puddings.
484. 2-(3-PHENYLPROPYL)TETRAHYDROFURAN; FEMA GRAS – used in baked goods, soft candy, gelatin and puddings, chewing gum.
485. PHOSPHORIC ACID – FEMA GRAS – component of living organisms; used in cheese, baked goods, candy, gelatin and puddings, meat products.
486. PIMENTA LEAF OIL – used in non-alcoholic beverages, ice cream, ices, candy, condiments, chewing gum, meat products.
487. PINE NEEDLE OIL; FEMA GRAS – found in pine tree needles; used in candy, baked goods, ice cream.
488. PINE OIL, SCOTCH; FEMA GRAS – found in pine trees; used in candy, baked goods, non-alcoholic beverages.
489. PINEAPPLE JUICE CONCENTRATE – Found in pineapple; defined as a fruit juice under FDA Standards of Identity.
490. alpha-PINENE; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, blueberry, plum brandy, carrots, celery, cheddar cheese, chicken; used in condiments, candy, meat products.
491. beta-PINENE; FEMA GRAS – found in apricot, plum brandy, butter, cantaloupe, carrots, celery, cheddar cheese, cocoa, cranberry; used in baked goods, candy, meat products.
492. D-PIPERITONE; FEMA GRAS – found in blackberry, celery, raspberry; used in soft candy, baked goods, dairy products.
493. PIPERONAL GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in cantaloupe, capers, melon, sherry; used in candy, baked goods.
494. PIPSISSEWA LEAF EXTRACT GRAS FEMA GRAS – used in non-alcoholic beverages, candy.
495. PLUM JUICE – Found in plum.
496. POTASSIUM SORBATE GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in mountain ash berries; used in cheese.
497. l-PROLINE; FEMA GRAS – essential amino acid, found in proteins, plants and animals; used in breakfast cereals, baked goods.
498. PROPENYLGUAETHOL; FEMA GRAS – used in sweet sauce, baked goods, candy.
499. PROPIONIC ACID GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in apple, apple juice, beef, beer, blueberry juice, bread, cheese, coffee, grape juice, maple syrup, orange juice, raspberry, rum; used in fruit, candy, gelatin and puddings, dairy products.
500. PROPYL ACETATE; FEMA GRAS – found in banana, grape, apple juice, beer, wheat bread, cantaloupe, capers, cocoa, guava, honey, fig, honeydew melon, heated corn oil; used in beverages, ice cream, baked goods.
501. PROPYL para-HYDROXYBENZOATE; FEMA GRAS – found in licorice; used in processed vegetables.
502. PROPYLENE GLYCOL GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in sesame seed, mushroom ; used in confection frostings, cheese, candy.
503. 3-PROPYLIDENEPHTHALIDE; FEMA GRAS – found in lovage; used in frozen dairy products, baked goods, candy.
504. PRUNE JUICE AND CONCENTRATE – Common food item.
505. PYRIDINE; FEMA GRAS – found in bean, bread, cheese, cocoa, coffee, fish, onion, peanut and pecan, popcorn, potato, rum, tea, tomato; used in ice cream, baked goods, condiments, meat products.
506. PYROLIGNEOUS ACID AND EXTRACT; FEMA GRAS – found in Birch tree; used in alcoholic beverages, baked goods, meat products.
507. PYRROLE – FEMA GRAS – found in wheat bread, beer, beef, chicken, steamed clams, cocoa, coffee; used in meat products, candy, baked goods.
508. PYRUVIC ACID; FEMA GRAS – found in beer, wheat bread, celery, asparagus, milk, onion, Sake; used in frozen dairy, products, baked goods, candy.
509. RAISIN JUICE CONCENTRATE – common food item; found in raisin; used in baked goods.
510. RHODINOL; FEMA GRAS – found in geranium flowers; used in chewing gum, baked goods, ice cream.
511. ROSE ABSOLUTE AND OIL GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in roses; used in chewing gum, ice cream, baked goods.
512. ROSEMARY OIL GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in rosemary; used in condiments, meat products, baked goods.
513. RUM. – Alcoholic beverages; natural flavor.
514. RUM ETHER; FEMA GRAS – found in rum; used in non-alcoholic beverages, alcoholic beverages, frozen dairy, baked goods, candy.
515. RYE EXTRACT- found in rye; common food item.
516. SAGE, SAGE OIL, AND SAGE OLEORESIN GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in sage; used in baked goods, condiments, meat products.
517. SALICYLALDEHYDE; FEMA GRAS – found in beer, butter, chicken, coffee, cranberry, grape, potato, rum, sherry, tea, tomato, whiskey; used in baked goods, condiments, candy.
518. SANDALWOOD OIL, YELLOW; FEMA GRAS – found in sandalwood; used in candy, baked goods, ice cream.
519. SCLAREOLIDE – FEMA GRAS – found in clary sage; used in milk products, baked goods, candy, meat products, breakfast cereals.
520. SKATOLE; FEMA GRAS – found in cheese, egg, fish, tea; used in frozen dairy, soft candy, gelatin and puddings, baked goods.
521. SMOKE FLAVOR – Found in hickory-wood smoke distillate; used in baked goods, cheese, meats.
522. SNAKEROOT OIL; FEMA GRAS – found in wild ginger; used in beverages, ice cream, candy, condiments.
523. SODIUM ACETATE GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in plant and animal tissues; used in cereals, pastas, snack foods, candy, meat products, soups.
524. SODIUM BENZOATE GRAS FEMA GRAS – used in baked goods, margarine, dietary supplmements.
525. SODIUM BICARBONATE GRAS – natural mineral; main component of baking powder and baking soda.
526. SODIUM CARBONATE GRAS – used in baked goods, desserts, maragarine, poultry.
527. SODIUM CHLORIDE GRAS – used in brewing, baked goods, butter, cheese, poultry.
528. SODIUM CITRATE GRAS FEMA GRAS – used in evaporated milk, general purpose food additive.
529. SODIUM HYDROXIDE GRAS – Used in meat and poultry, oleo and margarine.
530. SOLANONE – Found in black currant buds.
531. SPEARMINT OIL GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in spearmint; used in chewing gum, ice cream, candy, baked goods.
532. STYRAX EXTRACT, GUM AND OIL; FEMA GRAS – found in storax; used in baked goods, candy, jellies.
533. SUCROSE OCTAACETATE; FEMA GRAS – found in ginger ale; used in candy, gelatin and puddings, baked goods.
534. SUGAR ALCOHOLS GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in cherry, plum, apple; used in soft candy. Maltitol is a sugar permitted by FDA for use in chewing gum, diabetic chocolate and whipped non-dairy topping.
535. SUGARS GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in food sugar sources; used in baked goods, candy, breakfast cereals.
536. TAGETES OIL; FEMA GRAS – found in marigold flowers; used in condiment relish.
537. TANNIC ACID GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in bark of many fruits and plants; used in baked goods, gelatins, puddings and fillings, frozen dairy desserts, candy, meat products.
538. TARTARIC ACID GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in wine grapes; used in fruit juices, baked goods, ice cream.
539. TEA LEAF AND ABSOLUTE GRAS – natural flavor extractive.
540. alpha-TERPINEOL; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, applie juice, apricot, artichoke, beans, beef, beli, bilberry, blueberry, plum brandy; used in chewing gum, baked goods, ice cream.
541. TERPINOLENE; FEMA GRAS – found in thyme, valencia oranges; used in baked goods, ice cream, candy.
542. TERPINYL ACETATE; FEMA GRAS -found in apricot, beer, blackberry, carrots, celery, cranberry, gin, ginger; used in meat products, baked goods, candy.
543. 5,6,7,8-TETRAHYDROQUINOXALINE – FEMA GRAS – found in beef, wheat bread, cocoa, peanut, pork; used in candy, baked goods, dairy products.
544. 1,5,5,9-TETRAMETHYL-13-OXATRICYCLO(8.3.0.0(4,9))TRIDECANE – FEMA GRAS – found in clary sage oil; used in non-alcoholic beverages, ice cream, ices, baked goods, candy, gelatin and puddings.
545. 2,3,4,5 AND 3,4,5,6-TETRAMETHYLETHYL-CYCLOHEXANONE; FEMA GRAS – used in non-alcoholic beverages, ice cream, ices, candy, baked goods.
546. 2,3,5,6-TETRAMETHYLPYRAZINE – FEMA GRAS – found in wheat bread, Sake, shrimp, beef, beer, coffee, peanut; used in baked goods, dairy products, candy.
547. THIAMINE HYDROCHLORIDE GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in rice husk, cereal grains, yeast, liver, eggs; nutrient supplement in food.
548. THIAZOLE – FEMA GRAS – found in Coffee aroma, component of the structure of vitamin B1 (Thiamine) which occurs in seeds, meat and milk.
549. l-THREONINE – found in eggs, skim milk, nuts, oranges and lemons.
550. THYME OIL, WHITE AND RED GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in thyme; used in condiments, meats, soups, baked goods.
551. THYMOL; FEMA GRAS – found in blueberry, romano sheese, papaya, peppermint, pistacia, fruit tea, wine; used in candy, baked goods, ice cream.
552. TOBACCO EXTRACTS – Natural to tobacco; used as flavorants at minimal levels, producing no measurable increase in nicotine in cigarettes.
553. TOCHOPHEROLS (MIXED) GRAS – found in spinach, soybeans, cashews; used in pump-cured bacon.
554. TOLU BALSAM GUM AND EXTRACT; FEMA GRAS – found in balsam tolu; used in baked goods, candy, syrups.
555. TOLUALDEHYDES (ortho,meta,para); FEMA GRAS – found in beef, beer, butter, coffee, endive, rum, tea; used in chewing gum; baked goods, ice cream.
556. para-TOLYL 3-METHYLBUTYRATE – FEMA GRAS – found in raspberry, coffee, tea, rum; used in baked goods, ice cream, candy.
557. para-TOLYL ACETALDEHYDE – FEMA GRAS – used in ice cream, ices, candy, baked goods.
558. para-TOLYL ACETATE; FEMA GRAS – found in cananga, Ylang Ylang; used in candy, ice cream, baked goods.
559. para-TOLYL ISOBUTYRATE approved food addtitive; FEMA GRAS – used in baked goods, ice cream, candy.
560. para-TOLYL PHENYLACETATE; FEMA GRAS – used in baked goods, candy, cheese, ice cream.
561. TRIACETIN GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in papaya; used in candy, baked goods, ice cream.
562. 2-TRIDECANONE – FEMA GRAS – found in cheese, coffee, coconut oil, hops; used in ice cream, ices, baked goods, candy.
563. 2-TRIDECENAL; FEMA GRAS – found in sunguli oil; used in non-alcoholic beverages, ice cream, ices, candy, baked goods, chewing gum.
564. TRIETHYL CITRATE GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in red currant; used in chewing gum, baked goods, ice cream.
565. 3,5,5-TRIMETHYL-1-HEXANOL – FEMA GRAS – used in baked goods, condiments, pickles.
566. para,alpha,alpha-TRIMETHYLBENZYL ALCOHOL – FEMA GRAS – found in apricots, blackberry. grape brandy, grapefruit juice, honey, peppermint, pineapple, plum, tomato; used in beverages, candy, gelatins and puddings.
567. 4-(2,6,6-TRIMETHYLCYCLOHEX-1-ENYL)BUT-2-EN-4-ONE – FEMA GRAS – found in rose, rum, brandy, tea; used in baked goods, candy, chewing gum.
568. 2,6,6-TRIMETHYLCYCLOHEX-2-ENE-1,4-DIONE – FEMA GRAS – found in apricot, beer, blackberry, grape, hops, kiwifruit; used in soft candy.
569. 2,6,6-TRIMETHYLCYCLOHEXA-1,3-DIENYL METHAN; FEMA GRAS – used in candy, baked goods, condiments, pickles, preserves and spreads.
570. 4-(2,6,6-TRIMETHYLCYCLOHEXA-1,3-DIENYL)BUT-2-EN-4-ONE; FEMA GRAS – found in apples, black tea, Riesling wine; used in beverages, frozen dessert, baked goods, candy, gelatin and puddings, preserves, condiments.
571. 2,2,6-TRIMETHYLCYCLOHEXANONE – FEMA GRAS – found in bilberry, passion fruit, tea; used in Non-alcoholic beverages, frozen dessert, confectionery, ice cream, ices, candy.
572. 2,3,5-TRIMETHYLPYRAZINE – FEMA GRAS – found in barley, almond, asparagus, beef, wheat bread, chicken, cocoa, coffee; used in baked goods, candy, dairy products, cereals.
573. l-TYROSINE; FEMA GRAS – found in nuts, oranges and lemons.
574. delta-UNDECALACTONE – FEMA GRAS – found in beef, butter, coconut, milk; used in baked goods, candy, dairy products, cereals.
575. gamma-UNDECALACTONE; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, apple juice, apricot, heated butter, peach, plum, pork, rice; used in chewing gum, candy, ice cream, baked goods.
576. UNDECANAL; FEMA GRAS – found in mandarin, grapefruit and lemon; used in baked goods, chewing gum.
577. 2-UNDECANONE; FEMA GRAS – found in coconut oil, banana, beer, beef, cheese, cocoa, coffee, wine, milk, mushroom, peanut, strawberry; used in non-alcoholic beverages, ice cream, baked goods, candy, dairy products.
578. 10-UNDECENAL; FEMA GRAS – used in non-alcoholic beverages, ice cream, ices, candy.
579. UREA GRAS – found in mushrooms; used in baked goods.
580. VALENCENE – FEMA GRAS – found in grapefruit juice, mango, mangosteen, orange juice, cocoa; used in breakfast cereals, candy, baked goods.
581. VALERALDEHYDE; FEMA GRAS – found in apple, apple juice, apricot, artichoke, asparagus, avocado, banana, beef, blue cheese; used in candy, baked goods, ice cream.
582. VALERIAN ROOT EXTRACT, OIL AND POWDER; FEMA GRAS – found in valerian root; used in baked goods, chewing gum.
583. VALERIC ACID; FEMA GRAS – found in banana, beef, beer, blue cheese, blueberry, wheat bread, butter; used in imitation dairy goods.
584. gamma-VALEROLACTONE – FEMA GRAS – found in beef, beer, cocoa, coffee, mushroom, peach, peanut, wheat bread, heated butter, honey; used in candy, meat products, baked goods.
585. VALINE; FEMA GRAS – found in plants, lemons, oranges, grapefruits; used in ice cream, candy, baked goods.
586. VANILLA EXTRACT AND OLEORESIN GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in vanilla bean; used in baked goods, gelatin and puddings, condiments.
587. VANILLIN GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in asparagus, barley, beer, brandy, blackberry, blueberry, coffee, cranberry; used in confection frosting, baked goods, candy.
588. VERATRALDEHYDE; FEMA GRAS – found in coffee, raspberry; used in baked goods, ice cream, candy.
589. VETIVER OIL – found in vetiver flowers.
590. VINEGAR – Derived from fermentable sugars such as fruit juices and honey; used in catsup, mayonnaise, pickles.
591. VIOLET LEAF ABSOLUTE GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in violets; used in baked goods, ice cream, candy.
592. WALNUT HULL EXTRACT; FEMA GRAS – found in walnuts; used in breakfast cereals, ice cream, candy.
593. WATER.
594. WHEAT EXTRACT AND FLOUR – common food component.
595. WILD CHERRY BARK EXTRACT GRAS FEMA GRAS – found in Cherry trees; used in alcoholic beverages, non-alcoholic beverages, candy, ice cream.
596. WINE AND WINE SHERRY – common beverages, found in grape fermentation/distillation.
597. XANTHAN GUM – produced by carbohydrate fermentation; used in baked goods, beverages, fish, milk, products, poultry.
598. 3,4-XYLENOL – FEMA GRAS – found in coffee, wood vinegar; used in baked goods, meat, soups, coffee, nuts.
599. YEAST.

(Source: Brown and Williamson, 1994)

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